The Republic of India is a country in South Asia which comprises the majority of the Indian subcontinent. India has a coastline which stretches over 7,000 km and shares its borders with Pakistan to the west, the People's Republic of China, Nepal; Bhutan to the northeast and Bangladesh and Myanmar (formerly Burma) on the east.
On the Indian Ocean, India is adjacent to the island nations of the Maldives on the southwest, Sri Lanka on the south, and Indonesia on the southeast. India also claims a border with Afghanistan to the northwest.
The official name of the country, India is derived from the Old Persian version of Sindhu, the historic name for the River Indus
The International Dialling Code for India is +91.