Sri Lanka is in Southern Asia, island in the Indian Ocean, south of India.
The Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century BC, probably from northern India.
Buddhism was introduced beginning in about the mid-third century BC, and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa.
In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty seized power in the north and established a Tamil kingdom. Occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century, the island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was united under British rule by 1815.
As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.
The International Dialling Code for Sri Lanka is +94.