Ukraine (Ukrainian: Україна, Ukrayina ) is a country in Eastern Europe. Ukraine has borders with Russia to the northeast, Belarus to the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the southwest and the Black Sea to the south.
The historic city of Kiev ( Kyiv ) is capital of Ukraine.
Ukraine was the centre of the first Slavic state, Kievan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kievan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kievan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries.
A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire.
Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine was able to bring about a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and came under Soviet rule.
Independence for Ukraine was achieved in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR. A peaceful mass protest "Orange Revolution" in the closing months of 2004 brought a new era to Ukraine.
European clocks on Standard Time
until: Sunday 29 March 2015 01:00 GMT
then on Summer / Daylight Saving Time
until: Sunday 25 October 2015 01:00 GMT
"Time in Ukraine is set to second time zone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday of March at 3am the time is changing to 4am and each last Sunday of October the time at 4am is changing to 3am"
After the Summer months the time in Ukraine is shifted back by 1 hour to Eastern European Time (EET) or (GMT+2)
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