EU Daylight Saving Time
European Union Summer Time
EU - European Union - Winter / Summer Clock Changes
This applies to most states in Europe even those not in the European Economic Union (EU).
EU Summer Time (Daylight Saving Time) Rule
Since 1996 all clocks in Europe have changed on same date.
Source EU: EU Summer time arrangements
Europe - Standard Time Zones
Most European countries follow EU directives for time-keeping.
There are three different time zones across the EU:
Western Europe Time (Standard Time = GMT)
United Kingdom, Ireland, Portugal
Central Europe Time (Standard Time = GMT+1)
Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Spain, France, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden
Non-EU: Norway, Switzerland
Eastern Europe Time (Standard Time = GMT + 2)
Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Romania
Non-EU: Belarus, Moldova, Turkey, Ukraine
Source: European Union
Proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on summer-time arrangements (Directive 2000/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 January 2001 on summer-time arrangements)
Source: EU Press Release
"to fix the dates and times when the summer-time period will begin and end after 2001 throughout the EU, and to establish the arrangements from 2002"
"summer-time arrangements for an unspecified period"
"set the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October as the fixed date"
"at 1.00 a.m. Greenwich Mean Time"
Article 2: From 2002 onwards, the summer-time period shall begin, in every Member State, at 1.00 a.m., Greenwich Mean Time, on the last Sunday in March.
Article 3: From 2002 onwards, the summer-time period shall end, in every Member State, at 1.00 a.m., Greenwich Mean Time, on the last Sunday in October.
EU Official Time Arrangement Documents
UK Government Documents on Summer Time
UK Government DTi: www.dti.gov.uk/employment/bank-public-holidays/bst/page12528.html